An evergreen perennial, it is widely cultivated for its dramatic flowers.In temperate areas it is a popular houseplant. Strelitzia juncea. I use a balanced fertilizer (organic or synthetic is your choice) or top the soil with compost, mix in a slow release organic fertilizer, or worm castings. A large, evergreen, paddle-leaf shaped perennial which produces white and pale blue bird shaped flowers sitting in a dark purple- black bract. Acclimate it to some direct light. You’ll need a large pot, at least 400mm wide, because it has a large root system. There are five Strelitzia species, but only two are commonly grown as indoor plants: Strelitzia reginae (the orange bird of paradise) and Strelitzia nicolai (the white bird of paradise). As a tropical plant, S. reginae doesn’t tolerate temperatures below 50°F (10°C). Strelitzia grow new leaves from the centre and occasionally pups may form at the base. It … It may also be fertilizer burn if you've been using a synthetic and haven't flushed out the soil regularly. Synonyms Strelitzia alba subsp. For indoors, I would highly recommend going for the less common Reginae as they're much, much smaller and easy to manage if you have enough light. Only a couple years later, you can see in this photo, it quickly started outgrowing my space. juncea, Strelitzia principis, Strelitzia reginae subsp. Strelitzia reginae, commonly known as the crane flower or bird of paradise, is a species of flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. A massive, banana-like plant that with age, can assume gigantic proportions. If your garden is small, or you have just a courtyard, but long for a tropical theme, this is perfect. There are three types of this South African native grown in Australia, and what makes them different are the shapes of their leaves. Her passion for gardening began in her mother’s huge vegetable patch and orchard in the country and now extends to the challenge of city plots, where the constraints are countered by the delights. Description. Although still not ideal, for indoors, this plant looks pretty darn good. If you do plant on homing a Strelitzia nicolai and don't have the space to accommodate for the eventual 30ft frame, treat them as passing guests. Common indoors, sometimes the new leaf can have tears which indicates a lack of sufficient light. It's possible that it is pot bound if you've ruled out under-watering. They rarely perform well as houseplants, as the atmosphere tends to be too dry The stems grow up to 2m, and the leaves are about 20cm long and 15cm wide. Plant in rich, acidic, free-draining soil, water when required and give it slow-release fertiliser in spring and summer. White Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) White bird of paradise is a considerably larger species in the Strelitzia genus, with flowers that closely resemble the traditional bird of paradise plant, but with white sepals forming the crown and a bluish-purple "tongue." nicolai. The best remedy to a slow leaf is simply patience. If you find the pot is adequately sized, ensure watering is thorough and deep and you aren't missing dry spots. Know also that you'll have to repot them into extra larger and deep pots. Reaction to hot heat in the middle of the day (if curling goes away at night, there's nothing to worry about). These plants are very slow growing, putting out out a new leaf about once a month, sometimes even slower indoors. Brown edges (without a yellow halo) is often lack of humidity. White Bird of Paradise is most often planted for its large, banana-like leaves and upright, clumping stalks which give an exotic feel to the landscape. mzimvubuensis is another subspecies of S.reginae. Jenny Dillon is the garden editor of Better Homes and Gardens. Reginae produces yellow blooms and only grow to 6ft where as the aforementioned Nicolai grow to 30ft and adorn white flowers. Of course most of us find out that we run out of light (or more often ceiling space) eventually. APPEARANCE: Super sized clumping plant with large fronds and deep purple flowers featuring white centres. You can also grow it in a pot in your home or office where it will add a dramatic, sculptural element to your interiors. The differences between these confusingly similar plants. -Both Strelitzia reginae pictures taken from the Wikipedia article on Strelitzia reginae. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson 2. Read more. This is often accompanied by thin and long petioles which cannot support the weight, and bow down. Strelitzia reginae (Bird of Paradise) aka Crane Flower in its native South Africa. White (Strelitzia alba) and giant (Strelitzia nicholai) bird of paradise bloom white. The flower bract is dark blue and the petals and sepals are white, often with tinges of paler blue or deep pink.
This plant is my favorite Strelitzia because I love weird plants. Out of this emerges two erect points that are the petals, surrounded by a fan of sepals (the petals’ protector), making the flower look like a bird’s spectacular plumage. White bird-of-paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) and the classic orange bird-of-paradise (Strelitzia reginae) share similarities, family and even genus. Sometimes the bract will produce more than one flower. These plants need a lot of space to grow! S. reginae is very well known, and arguably the most common species (picture above). Often referred to as banana plant, since the leaves do have a very similar shape to those of a banana tree, Strelitzia is a much hardier choice to be kept as an indoor houseplant. juncea, Strelitzia reginae var. A bonus is that the leaves won’t fall into your pool water. Strelitzia reginae was chosen as the very first Plant of the Week when this series began in July 2000 as the flower forms part of the Institute's logo. Strelitzia nicolai: White Bird of Paradise 1. Eventually I had to stake the plant otherwise the petioles would bow down to the ground. 'Giant White' really takes its time: the unraveling of a new leaf can take literal months. Once the flower heads die, I find it is best to grab the petiole as low to the ground as … Not particularly sensitive to humidity.
Strelitzias are fairly tolerant of most soils, though extremely sandy, fast-draining soils in arid climates may necessitate increased irrigation frequency. As a tough, reliable garden plant that offers a tropical feel this is a must have in northern New Zealand. Five ways to add colour in your winter garden, The essential guide to Australian native plants. Family Strelitziaceae . Keep moist but tolerant of drying out. When I bought "Big Bird", my Bird of Paradise, it was only about 1.5ft high and I had no idea what I was getting myself into. Strelitzia nicolai Synonyms: Giant White Bird of Paradise, Natal Strelitzia, Wild Strelitzia, Strelitzia nicholai. Strelitzia reginae is a native to the eastern coastlines of southern Africa, where it grows wild in patches that are sometimes miles across. This is the only plant on this list that is not tolerant of temperate region’s garden conditions. It needs plenty of room because it grows in a clump about 1m wide. This looks stunning as a feature plant in a structural landscape, such as part of a rockery, or by a swimming pool where, if you have the space, you can plant a mass of them so they line the length of the pool closest to your boundary. The strelitzia reginae type of bird of paradise (pictured above) is extremely common around San Diego and toxic to dogs, cats and horses. Not enough light: the paddles will enlarge to maximize for photosynthesis. It’s tall banana-like leaves flutter in the breeze and create a true tropical effect. Looking for some new indoor plants? USE IN:As a feature in tropical-style garden settings. I kept it by a west-facing window then eventually moved it to a south-facing one. augusta, Strelitzia angusta, Strelitzia augusta Fortunately it's is easily kept under control. It is a trunk forming, clustering tree to 6m high with banana-like shiny green leathery leaves, having an obtuse base arranged in two ranks. Enjoy them as much as you can, but know the realities that they may suffer long term. Strelitzia reginae is not hardy and requires a minimum winter night temperature of 10-12°C (50-54°F) They also prefer a humid atmosphere, which is why they tend to thrive and flower well in conservatories and glasshouses. Bird of Paradise prefer the brightest spot you can give them: south-facing ideally. For indoors, I would highly recommend going for the less common Reginae as they're much, much smaller and easy to … The Giant Bird of Paradise is a stunning and hardy perennial with a strong architectural shape. CARE: Mulch and water regularly until the plant is established, usually around 12 weeks. It’s not hard for flowering plants to stick out in winter, but nothing stands out quite like the bird of paradise plant. LOCATION: Plant in a full sun to partly shaded position in the garden. The 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in)-long leaves are grey-green and arranged like a fan at the top of the stems, similar to Ravenala madagascariensis. You can even grow them in pots. Other common names white bird of paradise . Pests! Strelitzia nicolai - giant bird of paradise. This is known as the giant bird of paradise because it can grow into a tree with multiple stems. When young, the leaves of S. juncea look like the broad ‘paddles’ of S. reginae but, as it matures, the leaves shrink until the stems look rush-like and quite striking. Introduction. Reginae produces yellow blooms and only grow to 6ft where as the aforementioned Nicolai grow to 30ft and adorn white flowers. (left) Leaves of normal Strelitzia reginae. However, if you're experiencing tears on a new young leaf, your plant isn't getting bright enough light. Reginae vs Nicolai varieties. Tropical Bird of Paradise: White vs. Orange. It allows light to cascade at an angle atop the Bird of Paradise, allow more even lighting. If you provide good care and repot regularly, it can easily grow to well over 7 feet. Strelitzia parvifolia var. Out of five species belonging to the genus, Strelitzia nicolai and Strelitzia reginae are commonly grown as houseplants. How many people have 3-story high ceilings, really! Information on the internet-famous “Chinese Money Plant” with care tips and troubleshooting. Strelitiz reginae '' Mandela's Gold' is a form with yellow flowers. Information on this velvety-soft algae and the fascinating myth behind it. Thrips will also cause curling of the leaves. Similar to the pilea peperomioides, 'Giant Whites' are often grouped together to create a fuller look. Fill the pot with quality potting mix and place it in a well-lit spot. -Strelitzia nicolai in the laundry room picture used by permission of an anonymous Garden Web photo donor. is a Toronto-based illustrator working, living and growing in a little home studio. 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